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Zimbabwe ( Zimbabwe ) is a South African landlocked country located in the southern part of the African continent between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. Zimbabwe, which is facing the brunt of the falling economy, saw inflation of 500% in the year 2019, which reached 676% in March 2020. Poverty, hunger, malnutrition are currently striving towards achieving economic stability. Sharing interesting information and facts about Zimbabwe in this article.

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Zimbabwe 

Information About Zimbabwe


1. When did Zimbabwe become independent? (When Did Zimbabwe Got Freedom)

Zimbabwe became independent from the United Kingdom on 18 April 1980.

2. What is the old name of Zimbabwe? (Zimbabwe Old Name)

The old name of Zimbabwe is South Rhodesia, Rhodesia, Republic of Rhodesia and Zimbabwe Rhodesia.

3. Where is Zimbabwe? (Where Is Zimbabwe Located?)

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers in the southern part of the African continent.

4. Which countries touches the border of Zimbabwe?

Zimbabwe is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest, and Mozambique to the east.

5. What is the capital of Zimbabwe? (Zimbabwe Capital)

The capital of Zimbabwe is Harare.

6. Which is the largest city/town of Zimbabwe? (Zimbabwe Biggest City)

The largest city/town in Zimbabwe is Harare.

7. What is the area of ​​Zimbabwe? (Zimbabwe Area)

The area of ​​Zimbabwe is 3,90,757 square kilometer. Zimbabwe is the 60th largest country in the world in terms of area.

8. What is the population of Zimbabwe? (Zimbabwe Population)

The population of Zimbabwe is 12,521,000 (according to the 2009 census. It is ranked 68th in the world on the basis of population.

9. What is the currency of Zimbabwe? (Zimbabwe Currency)

The currency of Zimbabwe is US Dollar. Since 1980, Zimbabwe has been using the Zimbabwean dollar as its currency. However, Zimbabwe stopped using the Zimbabwean dollar from April 12, 2009, after the country’s heavy inflation in 2008, after the Zimbabwean dollar reached its lowest level in the world. , Japanese Yen, Australian Dollar, Chinese Yuan, Indian Rupee, and Botswana Pula (US Dollar, the South African Rand, Pound Sterling, Euro, Japanese Yen, Australian dollar, Chinese Yuan, Indian Rupees and the Botswana Pula) , Used to be.

On June 24, 2009, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe banned the use of multiple currencies and replaced them with the new Zimbabwean dollar. But since March 2020, multiple foreign currencies are being used again in Zimbabwe.

10. What are the official languages ​​of Zimbabwe? (Official Languages ​​In Zimbabwe)

Zimbabwe has 16 official languages. Commonly spoken languages ​​are English, Shona (a Bantu language) and Debel (also a Bantu language).

List of official languages:

  1. Shona
  2. Ndebele
  3. Chewa
  4. Chibarwe
  5. Kalanga
  6. Khosian
  7. Nambya (Nambya)
  8. Dau (Ndau)
  9. Shangani
  10. Sesotho
  11. Tonga
  12. Venda
  13. Xhosa
  14. English
  15. Tsuans
  16. Sign Language

11. What are the religions followed

There is a majority of Christians in Zimbabwe. There are 69.2% Protestant Christians, 8% Roman Catholicism, 6.9% followers of other Christian branches, 4.5 folk Religion, 0.7 Muslim, 0.5 other faiths. About 10.2% of the people are not followers of any religion. 

12. What is the national flag of Zimbabwe

The national flag of Zimbabwe consists of seven horizontal stripes of four colors: black, yellow, red, and green. The black stripe in the middle of the flag represents the black majority of the Zimbabwean people. The red stripe shows blood splatter during Mukti Sangram (Freedom Struggle). The yellow bars show the mineral wealth of the country. The green stripe on the outer edges of the flag symbolizes the country’s agriculture and vegetation.

  1. The national emblem of the country is ‘Zimbabwe Bird’ in a white triangle. The white color of the triangle represents peace in the country.
  2. The red five-pointed star is a symbol of hope for the future.
  3. It is illegal in Zimbabwe to sell products colored with the colors of the national flag.
  4. By law, the national flag in Zimbabwe should never touch the ground and should be disposed of if it is torn.

13. What is the national anthem?

  1. ‘Blessed be the Land of Zimbabwe’ is the national anthem of Zimbabwe.
  2. The national anthem was written by Professor Solomon Mutswiro and composed by Fred Changundega.
  3. It was adopted as the national anthem in March 1994.
  4. The Zimbabwean national anthem was previously used as a competition song for school choirs.
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14. What is the national anima?

The national animal of Zimbabwe is the Sable Antelope.

Zimbabwe

Sable Antelope

15. Which is the national flower?

The national flower of Zimbabwe is called the Flame Lily. It is called Gloriosa Superba in Latin. Its name is ‘Amakukhlume’ in local language Debel and ‘Kajongwe’ in Shona language. This rain flower is of poisonous nature and its cultivation is illegal under the Protected Wildlife Act.

Zimbabwe

Flame Lily

16. Who is the President of Zimbabwe?

The President of Zimbabwe is Emmerson Mnangagwa. Born on 15 September 1942, Emerson Nangagwa assumed the office of President on 24 November 2017. His predecessor, Robert Gabriel Mugabe, was the President of Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe

Emmerson Mnangagwa

17. Who is the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe? (Prime Minister Of Zimbabwe)

The Prime Minister of Zimbabwe is Morgan Tsvangirai.

Zimbabwe

Morgan Tsvangirai

18. Which party has government in Zimbabwe? (Who Rules Zimbabwe?)

Zimbabwe is headed by the ‘Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic’ (Zanu-PF), which has been ruling since Zimbabwe’s independence in 1980.

19. History Of Zimbabwe

According to archaeological records, the first human signs were seen in Zimbabwe about 100,000 years ago. The oldest known inhabitants of the San, by whom the paintings made in the caves, are still present. The speakers of the first ‘Bantu’ language came here from sub-Saharan Africa and Central Africa during the Bantu Expansion about 2000 years ago.  

Zimbabwe was ruled by many dynasties. Great Zimbabwe was a trading center and famous for stone artifacts. Other dynasties were: Mapungubwe, Mautapa, Rozvi, Ndebele.

In 1880, a British colony was established in Zimbabwe, which was known as Southern Rhodesia. It remained under British rule till 1965. In 1965, white minorities declared independence from British rule to save the majority of blacks from taking over the reins of rule, and after that the country came to be called Rhodesia. Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980 after a long civil uprising that lasted 15 years and democracy was established here under the leadership of Robert Gabriel Mugabe.    

Interesting Facts About Zimbabwe


20. The earliest inhabitants of Zimbabwe were Iron Age farmers speaking the ‘Bantu’ language, who settled in the region around 300 AD.

21. April 18 is celebrated as “National Day” in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe got independence on this day.

22. The name of Zimbabwe is derived from ‘Great Zimbabwe’, the largest trading center of its medieval period. At that time there was a plurality of Shona tribe.

23. The Shona tribe currently accounts for about 70% of the current population of Zimbabwe.

24. Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe, was called Salisbury before 1890 in honor of the British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury.

25. Zimbabwe is three times the size of England in terms of land area.

26. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, the former President of Zimbabwe, is one of the world’s oldest and longest-serving leaders of a non-royal country, having served in Zimbabwe for 36 years. Acted as a leader. He served as the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987, then took over as the President of Zimbabwe from 22 December 1987 to 21 November 2017.

27. Zimbabwe is the country with the most official languages, which is recorded in the Guinness Book of Records. There are 16 official languages ​​here.

28. The criteria for voting in the 1979 elections in Zimbabwe were the level of education, wealth and income.

29. Motorists in Zimbabwe are legally required to use headlights from 5:30 pm to 05:30 am.

30. In Zimbabwe the police cannot park their vehicle on the road, it is illegal to do so. They can only do so when they ask someone to show their driving license.

31. Most Zimbabweans refer to all types of toothpaste as “Colgate”, “coke” as “coke”, “surf” for every washing powder, and “cobra” for every floor polish. says.

32. Blackouts are quite common in Zimbabwe. Here the blackout lasts for 3 hours or more.

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33. Most men in the world try to reduce their belly fat, but in Zimbabwe, the belly is seen as a sign of success and wealth.

34. Traditional polygamy is legal for black citizens in Zimbabwe. These marriages can be dissolved only by death and not by divorce.

35. Divorce is considered a stigma in Zimbabwe. Those who get divorced are thrown out of the society. This does not mean that divorce is illegal in Zimbabwe. But, only women are allowed to divorce.

36. Zimbabwe is a young nation, as half the population is under 21 years of age.

37. Zimbabwe has the lowest life expectancy in the world. Here females live on average 7 years and males 57.3 years. (2016 single figures)

38. Zimbabwe experienced 231 million percent inflation in 2008. Recently, there was an imaginary need to carry a load of money in a cart to buy things that cost only a dollar in other countries.

39. Zimbabwe has the world’s highest inflation and unemployment rate.

40. More than 4 million people in Zimbabwe are suffering from AIDS. (As per UNICEF, 2015 data)

41. Cholera and malaria are the two biggest and most serious diseases in Zimbabwe. According to WHO data, more than 760,000 cases of malaria were reported here in 2009.

42. Zimbabwe is suffering from a shortage of healthcare professionals. Most of the professional health workers here have left Zimbabwe and migrated to other countries in search of better opportunities. Spiritual healing advice is still taken by many people for minor and serious ailments.

43. The instrument “mbira”, known as the thumb piano, has been played in Zimbabwe for more than 1,000 years. It is a small instrument played by hand.

44. The name of the god of the people of Shona tribes in Zimbabwe is Mwari. They have been believing in this deity for centuries.

45. In Zimbabwe mermaids are not considered a myth, but rather believed in their existence and are often blamed for unfortunate incidents such as kidnapping, torture and murder.

46. ​​Biggest Man-made Lake in the World is in Zimbabwe: Lake Kariba, which is the largest lake and reservoir in the world by volume.

47. Zimbabwe has 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites : Khami Ruins, Great Zimbabwe Ruins, Victoria Falls, Mana Rools, Matobo Hills.

48. The ‘Museum of Natural History’ located in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe is the fourth largest museum in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is considered one of the best museums in Southern Africa. It houses an impressive collection of artifacts from different regions, insects, mammals, bird life, geology, some of the indigenous history and colonial period of Zimbabwe.

49. Mount Inyangani is the highest point of Zimbabwe, whose height is 2,592 meters.

50. The lowest point in Zimbabwe is located at the confluence of the Runde and Save rivers at 531 feet.

51. The world’s largest man-made lake is in Zimbabwe: Lake Kariba, which is the world’s largest lake and reservoir by volume.

52. A hydroelectric power station was established on Dam Kariba in 1950. This power station provides electricity to both Zambia and Zimbabwe.

53. No place in Zimbabwe can be called a complete desert. However, some areas must be severely dry.

54. Zimbabwe has the highest literacy rate in the whole of Africa. 5% of the population here is literate.

55. Zimbabwe was once a very rich country. It is considered to be the region of the ancient wealthy country of Ophir, where King Solomon received ivory, gold and many precious metals.

56. In medieval times, gold and iron were exported to the traders of Portugal and India from ‘Great Zimbabwe’, the largest trading center of Zimbabwe.

57. Zimbabwe has the largest deposits of platinum and diamonds in the world.

58. Manufacturing, mining and farming form the backbone of Zimbabwe’s economy.

59. Major commodities exported by Zimbabwe include cotton, tobacco, gold, ferro alloys and textiles/textiles.

60. Zimbabwe is one of the largest producers of tobacco in the world. But only 20% of the population here smokes cigarettes, most of the tobacco is exported to foreign countries.

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61. The National Beauty Peagent ‘Miss Heritage Zimbabwe’ is being organized in Zimbabwe since the year 2012.

62. Football is the most popular sport in Zimbabwe.

63. Zimbabwe has won 8 Olympic medals so far. At the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, 1 medal in women’s hockey and 7 medals has been won by swimmer Christy Coventry. Christie Coventry won 3 medals (one gold, one silver and one bronze) at the 2004 Summer Olympics and 4 medals (one gold and three silver) at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.

64. Zimbabwe is one of those African countries, which is home to 5 large animals – lion, buffalo, rhinoceros, leopard and elephant .

65. After Botswana, Zimbabwe has the largest population of elephants (over 85,000).

66. Air Zimbabwe, one of the country’s airlines, does not have seat belts on all seats, and passengers are forced to use the belt from their pants as a seat belt.

67. Western Zimbabwe is home to a small group of people called the Wadoma, commonly known as the “ostrich people” or “two-toed tribe”. This is because a quarter of people with vodoma are born with ectrodactyly, a genetic defect in which the middle three fingers are missing and the outer two fingers are bent inward, which looks like an “ostrich’s foot”. gives. Since marrying outside the Vadoma tribe is taboo, this defect is being transferred from generation to generation.

Facts About Hunger In Zimbabwe


68. An estimated 1 million people in Zimbabwe suffered from “food insecurity” in 2017.

69. One-third of the population in Zimbabwe suffers from malnutrition.

70. In Zimbabwe, 27% of children under the age of five are stunted due to malnutrition.

71. In Zimbabwe only 3% of children between the ages of 6 and 23 months receive the minimum recommended diet for adequate nutrition.

72. 76% of rural households in Zimbabwe are forced to live on an income of less than $1.25 a day.

73. Zimbabwe ranks 156 out of 187 developing countries on the Global Hunger Index. It is a low-income and food-scarce country.

74. Many Zimbabweans are forced to survive on only one meal per day due to food shortages and crisis.

75. The International Organization for Migration estimates that millions of Zimbabweans have fled the country to other African countries in search of better livelihoods and food security.

Interesting Facts About Victoria Water Falls


Zimbabwe

Victoria Water Falls

76. Victoria Water Falls, the world’s largest waterfall, is located on the Zambezi River in Zimbabwe. This waterfall is more than a kilometer wide and more than a hundred meters high.

77. Victoria Falls was discovered in 1855. It is included in the 7 Natural Wonders of the World (7 Natural Wonder Of The World).

78. This fall was named Victoria Falls after Queen Victoria by the famous explorer Africa David Livingstone (1813-1873).

79. This waterfall has been named ‘Mosi-O-Tunya’ by the local tribe. Which means – The smoke that thunders.  

80. The noise of Victoria Falls can be heard from a distance of 40 kms.

81. In Victoria Falls, the view of falling water and mist from a height of 400 meters can be seen from a distance of 50 km.

82. The Victoria Falls water flow capacity reaches about half a million liters per minute during a flood.

83. The water flow at Victoria Falls is at its lowest level in October and early November.

84. After the construction of the railway for Bulawayo, the process of tourist arrival started here from the year 1905. However, during the guerilla struggle in Zimbabwe in the 1960s, tourists stopped coming here. But, after independence, this water body started attracting a large number of tourists once again.

85. Victoria Falls is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site List, and both Zambia and Zimbabwe countries are actively participating in the development of tourism in the region.

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