Amazing Facts About Tanzania
Tanzania is a country in East Africa located south of the equator . Which includes islands like Zanzibar, Pemba, Mafia. It is bordered by eight countries – Kenya and Uganda in the north, Rwanda, Burundi and Congo in the west, Zambia in the south, Malawi and Mozambique. touches the. The Indian Ocean forms its eastern boundary.
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This country is known for its natural beauty, flora, fauna and unique culture. Let’s know interesting facts and information about this country:
Short Description About Tanzania
|Tanzania Capital||The capital of Tanzania is Dodoma .|
|Tanzania Area||The area of Tanzania is 9,47,303 km 2 (3,657,56 sq mi).|
|Tanzania Population||According to the 2012 census, the population of Tanzania is 44,92,89,23. The estimated population in the year 2018 is 5,63,13,438.|
|Tanzania Currency||The currency of Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling.|
|Tanzania Language||The official languages of Tanzania are Swahili, English and Arabic. The national language of Tanzania is Swahili .|
|Tanzania Religion||In Tanzania, 60% are Christians and 36% are Muslims. 2% are traditional believers and 1% do not believe in any religion.|
Fun Facts About Tanzania
- Using the left hand while greeting someone is considered rude in Tanzania.
- Homosexuality is illegal in Tanzania and its maximum punishment is life imprisonment.
- There is a superstition in Tanzania that keeping the bones of people suffering from albinism will bring wealth . That is why often incidents of killing of albino people keep coming to the fore.
- In Tanzania, people adopt a very strange method to drive away the elephants wandering in the fields . They throw condoms filled with chili powder at them.
- According to the Guinness World Records , the highest delivery point of ‘ humble pizza ‘ is ‘Mount Kilimanjaro’ in Tanzania.
- There are baobabs trees in the Tarangire National Park of Tanzania . Some species of this tree can live for 1,000 or more years.
- The world’s largest crab ‘ coconut crab ‘ is found in Tanzania.
- The most expensive wood of the world is that of the Mpingo tree of Tanzania .
- In the year 2003 in Tanzania, a rare species of monkey was seen kipunji .
- The shortest war in history was fought in Zanzibar Island of Tanzania between British forces and Khalid bin Bargash. The British army had won in this war which lasted only 38 to 45 minutes.
Read more 50 interesting facts about Tanzania
01-10 Interesting Facts About Tanzania
1. The independent nation of Tanzania came into existence in 1964 after the merger of two nations Tanganyya and Zanzibar. In the same year it was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.
2. The United Republic of Tanzania is made up of 26 territories, which are called ‘Mikao’.
3. The largest city of Tanzania is the city ‘ Dar es Salaam ‘ located in its eastern part . It is also the largest Swahili speaking city in the world.
4. There are more than 120 ethnic groups in Tanzania. The largest ethnic group in Tanzania is the Sukuma , who live in the north-west part of the country. The Masai tribe lives in the northern regions of the country. The Swahili tribe mainly resides on the Tanzania coast.
5. More than 120 languages are spoken in Tanzania, most of which belong to the Bantu family.
6. The official language of Tanzania is Swahili , which is also the official language of Kenya.
7. There are 60% Christians and 36% Muslim followers in Tanzania. 2% are traditional believers and 1% do not believe in any religion. (as per 2010 survey)
8. In Zanzibar Island of Tanzania, 98% people are followers of Muslim religion.
9. The flag of Tanzania is made up of four colors (black, yellow, green and blue). Green color represents natural beauty, yellow color represents mineral deposits, black color represents countrymen and blue color lakes.
10. The world’s oldest human skull was discovered by East African archaeologist Dr. Leakey in the Olduvai Gorge of Tanzania. This human skull was about 2 million years old.
11-20 Interesting Information
11. The footprints of primitive humans of about 3.6 million years ago were found in Laetoli, Tanzania. These footprints were 27 meters (88 ft) long in size.
12. The shortest war in history was fought in Zanzibar Island of Tanzania between British forces and Khalid bin Bargash. The British army had won in this war which lasted only 38 to 45 minutes.
13. Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa , is in Tanzania. Its altitude is about 5,895 meters above sea level.
14. Mount Kilimanjaro is the world’s highest freestanding mountain , that is, it is not a part of any other mountain range.
15. Almost every type of ecosystem is found on the Kilimanjaro Mountains of Tanzania, such as agricultural land, rain forest, marshland, alpine desert, arctic peak etc.
16. German geologist Hans Meyer was the first person to climb Mount Kilimanjaro. Who had succeeded in climbing this mountain in October 1889.
17. Bernard Goosen of South Africa was the first person to climb the top of Mount Kilimanjaro in a wheelchair.
18. Kyle Maynard, who has no legs and arms, managed to reach the highest peak of Mount Kilimanjaro in 2012 without any prosthetics or assistance.
19. According to the Guinness World Records , the highest delivery point of ‘ humble pizza ‘ is Mount Kilimanjaro. The ‘Humble Pepperoni Pizza’ was delivered to Mount Kilimanjaro at an altitude of 5897 meters (19,341 ft) after traveling 745 km in 4 days.
20. Ol Doinyo Lengai , the only active volcano emitting Earth’s carbonite lava , is located in the Serengeti, Tanzania. It is called ‘Mountain of God’.
21-30 Interesting Facts About Tanzania
21. Shiftng Sand Dunes near Olduvai Gorge in Ngongoro Conservation Area in Tanzania . These are strange piles of magnetic volcanic ash, which move when a strong wind blows. The speed of their movement is very slow (about 17 m / year).
22. The world’s longest river Nile originates from Lake Victoria in Tanzania.
23. Lake Victoria in Tanzania is the world ‘s largest tropical lake and the world’s second largest freshwater lake by area after Lake Superior in North America. Second Largest is Freshwater Lake). It is also the largest lake in Africa by area.
24. Lake Tanganyika in Tanzania is the world’s longest freshwater lake . It is the second oldest freshwater lake in the world after Lake Baikal in Siberia , the second deepest lake in the world, and the world ‘s second largest by volume of water. The lake is ( World’s Second Largest Lake By Volume ). This lake is shared by four countries Tanzania, Burundi, Zambia and Congo. 8% of the world’s total fresh water is found in this lake. More than 500 species of fish are found here.
24. About 30 percent of Tanzania is wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. This entire part is larger than the size of Germany.
25. The largest national park in Tanzania is Ruaha National Park , where a large population of elephants is found.
26. The most famous park in Tanzania is Serengeti National Park . Along with being included in the World Heritage Site, this park is also included in the 7 Wonders of the World.
27. Serengeti National Park is one of the oldest ecosystems on earth. The diversity of flora and fauna that is seen here is not seen anywhere else. More than one million large mammals are found here.
28. Every year, the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania sees the Great Wildbeest Migration , in which about 2 million zebras, deer and other antelope in search of better grazing grounds on the plains of East Africa depart towards.
29. There are Baobabs trees in the Tarangire National Park of Tanzania . Some species of this tree can live for 1,000 or more years. The oldest Baobabs tree found in South Africa is 6,000 years old.
30. In the year 1960, Dr. Jane Goodall studied the social and family life of wild chimpanzees in the famous Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania, which is the longest study of its kind in the world .
31-40 Interesting Information About Tanzania
31. Lake Manyara National Park in Tanzania is famous for its tree-climbing lions.
32. The wood of the Mpingo tree of Tanzania is the most expensive wood in the world. It is considered excellent for carving.
33. Mpingo tree is also known as the music tree of Africa, as the wood of this tree has been used for making traditional musical instruments since ancient times.
34. The world’s largest crab ‘ coconut crab ‘ is found in Tanzania.
35. In the year 2003 in Tanzania, a rare species of monkey was seen kipunji . The number of these rare monkeys is around one thousand.
36. A local species of leopard is found in Zanzibar Island of Tanzania, which is called ‘Zanzibar Leopard’ (Panthera pardus edersi). These leopards are found in this island and are on the verge of extinction.
37. The largest population of elephants is found in Tanzania, which can be seen in Selous Game Reserve .
38. The world famous Ngorongoro Crater located in northern Tanzania is one of the most beautiful natural wildlife safari destinations in the world. This fertile valley formed as a result of volcanic eruption is included in the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa. Along with a dense population of lions, ostriches, zebras, cheetahs, wildebeest, gazelles, hippos, buffaloes, elephants, leopards and rhinos can also be seen here.
39. Seven sites of Tanzania are included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites List . 1) Kondoa Rock-Art Site, (2) Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani & Ruins of Songo Manra (3) Stone Town of Zanzibar (4) Kilimanjaro National park (5) Selous Game Reeserve (6) Serengeti National Park (7) Ngorongoro Conservation Area
40. Using the left hand while greeting someone is considered rude in Tanzania.
41-50 Interesting Facts
41. Homosexuality is illegal in Tanzania and its maximum punishment is life imprisonment.
42. There is such a superstition in Tanzania that keeping the bones of people suffering from albinism will bring wealth . That is why often incidents of killing of albino people keep coming to the fore.
43. In Tanzania, people adopt a very strange method to drive away the elephants wandering in the fields . They throw condoms filled with chili powder at them.
44. Tanzanians like to have tea in the morning as a beverage during breakfast and coffee in the evening.
45. Freddie Mercury, the famous songwriter and singer of the rock band ‘Queen’ , was born in Zanzibar , Tanzania.
46. Football and rugby are the favorite sports of the people of Tanzania.
47. Tanzania is also known for its hip-hop music ‘ Bongo Flava ‘. The music has been composed by incorporating international styles such as Riga, Afrobeat, Blues, Rasta and Dancehall into local music such as Tarab and Vanshi.
48. Despite being surrounded by the world’s three largest lakes, water scarcity is a major problem in rural Tanzania. As of 2009, about one-third of the country’s population had no access to clean drinking water.
49. About 40% of the entire population of Tanzania lives in extreme poverty. About 60% of its population lives below the poverty standard set by the World Bank ($25 per day).
50. One of the major causes of poverty in Tanzania is the slow pace of urbanization. More than 80% of the population lives in rural areas, which lack basic civic amenities like electricity, sanitation facilities and education.
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