Interesting Bangladesh History

Interesting Bangladesh History Read Now


Some interesting facts about Bangladesh

More than half of the people in Bangladesh are engaged in agriculture.

Bangladesh is a country where floods and storms keep coming every time during the rainy season.

The main source of this country is the textile industry.

The official language of this country is Bengali.

The main religion of this country is Islam.

This country comes at the eighth place in the whole world in terms of population.

This country has the largest river delta in the world.

The largest city of this country is Dhaka.

The name of the currency of this country is Taka.

Royal Bengal Tiger is the national animal of this country.

Bangladesh is the country with the third largest Muslim population.

The popular sport of this country is cricket.

More than 30% of the population of this country is living in poverty.

The day on 26 March is the national day of Bangladesh.

The national sport of this country is Kabaddi.

Bangladesh History

The Bangladesh Liberation War, also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict, sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in East Pakistan during 1971. Bangladesh massacre. The result was that the People’s Republic of Bangladesh got independence.

The war began on the night of 25 March 1971, after Pakistan Army personnel based in West Pakistan launched Operation Searchlight against the people of East Pakistan. This led to the systematic elimination of nationalist Bengali citizens, students, intellectuals, religious minorities and armed personnel. The junta annulled the results of the 1970 elections and arrested Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the prime ministerial nominee. The war ended on 16 December 1971 after West Pakistan surrendered.

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East Pakistan saw extensive military operations and air strikes in rural and urban areas to quell the tide of civil disobedience that had formed after the deadlock of the 1970s. Pakistan’s military, which had the support of Islamists, created radical religious militias – Razakar, al-Badr and al-Shams – to aid during raids on the local population. Urdu-speaking Biharis in Bangladesh were also in support of the Pakistani army.

Members of the Pakistani military and militias engaged in mass murder, deportation and genocidal rape were supported. The capital Dhaka was the scene of several massacres, including Operation Searchlight and the Dhaka University massacre. An estimated 10 million Bengali refugees fled to India, while 30 million were internally displaced. Communal violence broke out between Bengalis and Urdu speaking immigrants. There is an academic consensus that the atrocities committed by the Pakistani military were a genocide.

Bangladeshi independence was declared from Chittagong by members of the Mukti Bahini – the National Liberation Army, formed by the Bengali military, paramilitary and civilians. The East Bengal Regiment and the East Pakistan Rifles played an important role in the resistance. General M.A.G. Under the leadership of Osmani and eleven sector commanders, the Bangladesh Army waged a large-scale guerrilla warfare against the Pakistani Army. He liberated many cities in the early months of the struggle. The Pakistani army gathered momentum in the monsoon. The Bengali guerrillas carried out extensive sabotage, including Operation Jackpot, against the Pakistan Navy. Bangladesh Air Force flew against Pakistani military bases. By November, the Bangladesh army confined the Pakistani army to its barracks during the night. He gained control of most of the country.

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The Provisional Government of Bangladesh was formed in Mujibnagar on 17 April 1971 and moved to Calcutta as a government in exile. Bengali members of the Pakistani civilian, military and diplomatic corps turned to the Bangladeshi Provisional Government. Thousands of Bengali families were placed under house arrest in West Pakistan, from where many fled to Afghanistan. Bengali cultural activists operated the secret Bengal radio station. The plight of millions of war-torn Bengali civilians caused worldwide outrage and alarm. India, led by Indira Gandhi, provided substantial diplomatic, economic and military aid to the Bangladeshi nationalists. british, Indian and American musicians held the world’s first benefit concert in New York City to support the Bangladeshi people. In the United States, Senator Ted Kennedy led the Congressional campaign to end Pakistani military oppression; While US diplomats in East Pakistan strongly dissed the Nixon administration with close ties to Pakistani military dictator Yahya Khan.

India joined the war on 3 December 1971, when Pakistan launched preemptive air strikes on North India. The subsequent Indo-Pakistani War saw engagement on the two war fronts. With air supremacy achieved in the eastern theater and the rapid advance of the allied forces of Bangladesh and India, Pakistan surrendered at Dacca on 16 December 1971. The war changed the geopolitical landscape of South Asia, with Bangladesh emerging as the seventh most populous country. Because of complex regional alliances, the war was a major episode in Cold War tensions in the United States, the Soviet Union, and the People’s Republic of China. Most member states in the United Nations recognized Bangladesh as a sovereign nation in 1972.

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