15 Interesting Things About The Bahrain mskearnings.com

15 Interesting Things About Bahrain read now

History Of Bahrain

Bahrain was home to Dilmun, an important Bronze Age trade center linking Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley. Later Bahrain was ruled by the Assyrians and Babylonians. From the 6th to the 3rd centuries Bahrain was part of the Achaemenid Empire. By about 250 BC, Parthia had taken control of the Persian Gulf and extended its influence as far as Oman. The Parthians established garrisons along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf to control trade routes.

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During the Classical era, Bahrain, referred to by the ancient Greeks as Tilos, was the center of the pearl trade, when Greek admiral Nokres, serving under Alexander the Great, landed on Bahrain. Nakhres was believed to be the first of Alexander’s commanders to visit the island, and he found a crescent of land that was part of an extensive trading network; He recorded: “That on the island of Tyles, located in the Persian Gulf, there are large plantations of cotton groves, from which produced fabrics called sindon, which are of varying degrees of strongly value, some expensive, others are less expensive. It is not limited to India, but extends to Arabia. The Greek historian Theophrastus states that much of Bahrain was covered with these cotton trees and that Bahrain was famous for its export of walking canes engraved with the emblem carrying them to Babylon.

Alexander had planned to settle Greek colonists on Bahrain, and although it is not clear on the scale he envisaged, Bahrain became much of the paradise world at the time: the language of the upper classes was Greek while Zeus The sun god of Arabia was worshiped as Shams. Bahrain even became the site of Greek athletic competition.

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Ancient times in Bahrain

The Greek historian Strabo believed that the Phoenicians originated from Bahrain. Herodotus also believed that the homeland of the Phoenicians was Bahrain. This theory was accepted by the 19th-century German classicist Arnold Herren who said: “In Greek geographers, for example, we read of two islands, named Tyrus or Tylos, and Erdus, who claimed that they were the Mother Earth. were the land of the Phoenicians, and exhibited the remains of Phoenician temples. ” In particular, the people of the Tyles retained the origins of the Persian Gulf for a long time. However, there is no evidence of any human settlement in Bahrain at the time such migration occurred.

The name Tilos is believed to be a Hellenisation of the Semitic Tilamun. The term Tilos was commonly used for the islands until Ptolemy’s Geogria, when the inhabitants are referred to as Thillanoi. Some names in Bahrain go back to the Tyles era; For example, the name Arhar, a residential suburb of Muharraq, is believed to have originated from “Arados”, the Ancient Greek name for Muharraq. In the 3rd century, the first ruler of the Sassanid dynasty, Ardashir I, marched on Oman and Bahrain, where he defeated the ruler of Bahrain, Sanatruk. At this time, Bahrain was known as Mismahigh.


Bahrain was also a place of worship for a bull god named Awal. Worshipers built a large statue for Awal in Muharraq, although this is now lost. For many centuries after Tyles, Bahrain was known as Awal. By the 5th century, Bahrain had become a center for Nesorian Christianity, with the village as the seat of the Samahija bishop. In 410, according to Oriental Syriac Church Synodal records, a bishop named Baitai was excommunicated from the church in Bahrain. As a sect, the Nezorians were often persecuted as heretics by the Byzantine Empire, but were outside the control of the Kingdom of Bahrain, providing some protection. The names of many Muharraq villages today reflect the Christian heritage of Bahrain, with Al Dair meaning “monastery”.

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Bahrain’s pre-Islamic population included Christian Arabs, Persians, Jews and Aramaic-speaking agriculturalists. According to Robert Bertram Sargent, Bahraini Arabic “may be Arabic descendants of converts from the original population of Christians, Jews and Persians who farmed the island at the time of the Muslim conquest”. The settlers of pre-Islamic Bahrain were Aramaic speakers and to some extent Persian speakers, while Syriac served as a lingua franca.

Some interesting facts about the country of Bahrain

This country is made up of 33 islands

What kind of country is Bharni which is the smallest country in the world of Arabic countries.

The country of Bahrain is also known as the Kingdom of Bahrain.

This country has many neighboring countries. Such as Kuwait Iraq Iran Dubai Qatar Saudi Arabia etc.

Between Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, there is a bridge connecting these two countries, which was built in the year 1920.

The population of this country was up to 13,0,3661 till 2016.

The area of ​​Bahrain is about 717 square kilometers.

Petroleum was discovered in this country in the year 1932. It was the first Arab country to do so.

Manama is the largest city in this country.

The flag of this country is considered to be the largest flag in the whole world.

The currency of Bahrain is called Dinar.

In this country, women got the right to vote from the year 2002.

The main religion of this country is Islam.

The main language of this country is Arabic.

There is a tree in Bahrain which has been there for 400 years and this tree is growing in the desert without any source of water.

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